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  • Emancipation
02: The New South | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn how enslaved African Americans in Richmond, Virginia, established what a historian in this clip calls “quasi-free communities, where they etched out lives for themselves, that paved the way forward.”  This resource is part of the How the Monuments Came Down collection.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
03: Decoration Day | How the Monuments Came Down
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Discover the differing approaches to memorialization among African Americans and white southerners, in Richmond, Virginia, in the years immediately after the Civil War.  This resource is part of the How the Monuments Came Down collection.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
04: The Right to Vote | How the Monuments Came Down
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Discover how African American political organizing in Richmond, Virginia, in the first decades after the Civil War, secured a measure of power amid ongoing fights against injustice.   

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
05: Lee Memorialization | How the Monuments Came Down
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Discover how white southerners in Richmond, Virginia, honored General Robert E. Lee through a monument of his likeness unveiled in the former Confederate capital in 1890. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
06: John Mitchell, Jr. and Maggie L. Walker | How the Monuments Came Down
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Discover John Mitchell, Jr. and Maggie L Walker, two African American leaders in Richmond, Virginia, whom a historian in this clip refers to as “the vanguard” of Black resistance to white supremacy there. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
07: Lost Cause Narrative and Building Monument Avenue | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn why white city leaders in Richmond, Virginia, in the early 20th century, embraced the nationwide “City Beautiful” movement through the construction of Monument Avenue, a grand boulevard lined with statues to Confederates. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
08: Caricatures of African Americans | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn why blackface minstrelsy in the early 20th century sought to “parody and caricature Black ambition and achievement,” as explained by historians in this clip. Note to Teachers: The video clip, Caricatures of African Americans, includes depictions of blackface; in an effort to provide authentic and transparent resources about the historical experiences of Black Americans, these moments were not censored. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
09: Interstate 95 and the Destruction of Jackson Ward | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn about Jackson Ward, a historic African American neighborhood in Richmond, Virginia, and why white city leaders supported the construction of an interstate highway through its center in the 1950s. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
10: Crusade for Voters | How the Monuments Came Down
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Discover the motivations, strategies, and success of the Crusade for Voters, a pathbreaking initiative that made possible the election of the first majority-Black city council in Richmond, Virginia, in 1977. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
11: First Majority-Black City Council | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn why the first majority-Black city council in Richmond, Virginia, in the late 1970s, avoided discussion of the city’s Confederate monuments while attending to urgent crises of housing and education.  

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
12: Arthur Ashe | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn about tennis champion Arthur Ashe, whose death spurred residents of his hometown of Richmond, Virginia, to honor him with a statue along a grand boulevard that had previously only featured statues of Confederates

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
13: African American Monuments | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn how activists in Richmond, Virginia, are working to honor the lives of free and enslaved African Americans, in a city where the most prominent monuments had long celebrated Confederates. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
14: Maggie L. Walker Statue | How the Monuments Came Down
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See how descendants, community groups, and a National Park Service site worked together to establish a monument to Maggie L. Walker, an African American leader from Richmond, Virginia. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
15: Monument Avenue Commission | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn how a mayoral commission attempted to reckon with Confederate monuments in Richmond, Virginia—and how political scandal and electoral change helped reshape the city’s statuary landscape. Note to Teachers:Some of these video clips include depictions of blackface; in an effort to provide authentic and transparent resources about the historical experiences of Black Americans, these moments were not censored. Sensitive: This resource contains material that may be sensitive for some students. Teachers should exercise discretion in evaluating whether this resource is suitable for their class.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
16: Summer 2020 | How the Monuments Came Down
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CC BY-NC
Rating

Discover why protests in Richmond, Virginia, following the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis, centered on Monument Avenue—a grand boulevard then-lined with statues of Confederates.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
17: Removal of Monuments | How the Monuments Came Down
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See the removal of Confederate monuments in Richmond, Virginia—first, through direct action by protestors, and then by city-ordered cranes—amid summer 2020 protests against systemic racism following the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
18: Marcus-David Peters and Systemic Racism | How the Monuments Came Down
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Learn about Marcus-David Peters, a teacher in Richmond, Virginia, who was killed by police while having a mental health crisis, and why activists there see his death as one of many examples of how white supremacy endures in the city even as Confederate statues have been removed. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
19: How the Monuments Came Down Additional Resources
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How the Monuments Came Down explores the complex history of Richmond, Virginia through the lens of Confederate monuments, supported by an extensive visual record never before presented in a single work.Through personal stories from descendants and history-makers, the film uncovers how Confederate monuments came to shape Richmond’s landscape and why protestors demanded they come down.How the Monuments Came Down is a production of Field Studio, in association with VPM.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Author:
Trish Reed
Date Added:
09/24/2021
How The Monuments Came Down - VPM
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CC BY-ND
Rating

How the Monuments Came Down explores the complex history of Richmond, Virginia through the lens of Confederate monuments, supported by an extensive visual record never before presented in a single work.

Through personal stories from descendants and history-makers, the film uncovers how Confederate monuments came to shape Richmond’s landscape and why protestors demanded they come down.

In this collection, you will find film clips and learning resources designed to engage students with primary sources found in the film. These curriculum resources were written by Rodney Robinson, the 2019 National Teacher of the Year and a 20-year veteran of Richmond Public Schools. For a PDF version of the guide, with extension activities, visit vpm.org/monuments.

How the Monuments Came Down is a production of Field Studio, in association with VPM.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Provider:
VPM
Provider Set:
How the Monuments Came Down
Author:
and Edited by: Hannah Ayers and Lance Warren
Directed
Executive Producers: Steve Humble and Mason Mills
Outreach producer: Todd Waldo
Produced
Story advisors: Christy Coleman Julian Hayter Enjoli Moon Joseph Rogers
Support Material Credits: Written by Rodney Robinson
Date Added:
09/24/2021
How the Monuments Came Down PBS Learning Media
Only Sharing Permitted
CC BY-ND
Rating

How the Monuments Came Down explores the complex history of Richmond, Virginia through the lens of Confederate monuments, supported by an extensive visual record never before presented in a single work.

Through personal stories from descendants and history-makers, the film uncovers how Confederate monuments came to shape Richmond’s landscape and why protestors demanded they come down.

In this collection, you will find film clips and learning resources designed to engage students with primary sources found in the film. These curriculum resources were written by Rodney Robinson, the 2019 National Teacher of the Year and a 20-year veteran of Richmond Public Schools. For a PDF version of the guide, with extension activities, visit vpm.org/monuments.

How the Monuments Came Down is a production of Field Studio, in association with VPM.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Virginia History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson
Primary Source
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Visual Media
Provider:
VPM
Provider Set:
How the Monuments Came Down
Author:
and Edited by: Hannah Ayers and Lance Warren
Directed
Produced
Date Added:
09/24/2021
Juneteenth
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Students will read General Order #3, the order that notified enslaved people in Texas that the Civil War had ended and they were to be emancipated. They will then analyze a primary source broadside from the Virginia Museum of History and Culture related to the earliest celebrations of Juneteenth. They will then be asked to write a letter to a member of their division’s central office regarding the celebration of Juneteenth.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Government and Civics
Virginia History
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
#GoOpenVA Administrator
Taylor M. Snow
Date Added:
04/23/2021
Portrait of James Armistead Lafayette
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James Armistead was born into slavery in 1748 in New Kent County, Virginia. During the American Revolution, his owner granted him permission to volunteer with the patriot forces under the command of the French officer, the Marquis de La Fayette. Despite his low status, James Armistead’s intelligence and dedicated work ethic came to the attention of the French commander, who sent Armistead into the British camps as a spy.

James Armistead was able to infiltrate the camp of General Cornwallis, becoming a trusted servant – so trusted that Cornwallis sent him back to the Americans as a spy for the British. Bringing valuable information to the French and American allies, Armistead’s assistance led to the successful Franco-American victory at Yorktown in 1781.

James Armistead went on to buy his freedom using money granted to him by the Virginia Legislature in Richmond where his owner was one of the delegates. He adopted the surname Lafayette and farmed 40 acres in New Kent County, Virginia, until his death in 1830.

Title: James Armistead Lafayette
Creator: John B. Martin
Date: 1824
Location: Richmond, Virginia
Provenance: Gift to Mann S. Valentine II by Louis E. Franck, Jr.
Type: Oil on canvas
Lived: 1748/1830

Subject:
American History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Author:
John B. Martin
Date Added:
03/01/2021