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  • Reconstruction
1883: Narratives of Resistance
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Author: Daniel Shogan, Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History Students will learn about the 1883 Massacre in Danville, Virginia as an example of racist mob violence against African Americans. Within the context of the massacre, they will be shown primary documents from the event. These documents will provide the students with not only a lens into the Danville of the nineteenth century, but also provide them with an opportunity to think critically about the biases present in some of the documents. After careful discussion of the events and outcomes of the massacre, the students will be given vocabulary worksheets that help to define and underline the most important elements of the narrative.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Government and Civics
Virginia History
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
#GoOpenVA Administrator
Date Added:
04/15/2021
America's 2nd Founding
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In this learning experience, the students will complete a primary source inquiry into the impacts of Reconstruction on Black experiences in Virginia and the South. The students will use the Claim-Evidence-Reasoning structure to defend one of two claims.Students will analyze sources that depict/detail Black experiences and perspectives before, during, and after the Reconstruction. This learning experience will be most effective after students have been introduced to the what and when of Reconstruction.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Government and Civics
Virginia History
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
#GoOpenVA Administrator
CHRISTOPHER MATHEWS
Date Added:
04/15/2021
The Battle Over Reconstruction
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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This curriculum unit of three lessons examines the social, political and economic conditions of the southern states in the aftermath of the Civil War and shows how these factors helped to shape the Reconstruction debate as well as the subsequent history of American race relations.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Civil War: A "Terrible Swift Sword"
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CC BY
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Whether it be called the Civil War, the War between the States, the War of the Rebellion, or the War for Southern Independence, the events of the years 1861-1865 were the most traumatic in the nation's history. This curriculum unit will introduce students to several important questions pertaining to the war.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Civil War Module
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CC BY
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The goal of this module is to provide USII students with background knowledge in the Civil War as they begin the Reconstruction curriculum. Each day begins with a Hook for the day’s content. This hook is designed to engage students in the day’s content through a whole class or small group discussion. Students will independently review the provided Learning Resources for each Learning Intention.  They should review all of the available resources to get a full understanding of this topic. Students will independently complete the Success Check for all Learning Intentions to receive credit for the module. There are optional Extension activities associated with each day. This extension is designed to connect USII Geography content with the Civil War content.  Google Drive Folder with all resources (must make a copy of each resource to modify): https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1jG7DTzswj3bsZM7xKHfMgJhVM07evQfN?usp=sharing Google Docs Lesson plan: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ErmsDxexiKYJNbqz49QqIGAxuDHZ00O2NJ6B5X3caww/copy

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson
Lesson Plan
Module
Unit of Study
Author:
Amy Gaulton
Date Added:
07/23/2020
DocsTeach: Did the 13th Amendment set all African Americans free? Remix
Unrestricted Use
Public Domain
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Students will analyze a document that shows the challenges African Americans faced in receiving the freedom they were guaranteed with the 13th Amendment. The Indenture of Apprenticeship between John Foster and Jeff, a four-year-old African American, shows how Southerners found unique ways to keep African Americans in servitude. This activity is designed to engage students in an analysis of the success of the 13th Amendment. Students should have background knowledge in the Civil War and the goals of Reconstruction.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Primary Source
Author:
Amy Gaulton
Date Added:
07/15/2020
DocsTeach: Evaluating Reconstruction
Unrestricted Use
Public Domain
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Students will analyze primary sources from the Reconstruction Era to determine if Reconstruction was a success or a failure. They will place evidence on a scale for a visual representation of their evaluation.Teachers can modify and assign this Google Doc. You will need to make a copy of the document to access it.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Social Sciences
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Assessment
Homework/Assignment
Interactive
Primary Source
Visual Media
Author:
Amy Gaulton
Date Added:
08/03/2020
DocsTeach: What is the Purpose of the 13th Amendment? Remix
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Students will review the purpose of an amendment, analyze the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, and consider the reasons for the date of approval. Students should have some background knowledge in the Civil War, including the causes of the war and the views of the Union and Confederacy. 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Primary Source
Author:
Amy Gaulton
Date Added:
07/15/2020
The Emancipation Proclamation: Freedom's First Steps
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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Why was the Emancipation Proclamation important? While the Civil War began as a war to restore the Union, not to end slavery, by 1862 President Abraham Lincoln came to believe that he could save the Union only by broadening the goals of the war. Students can explore the obstacles and alternatives America faced in making the journey toward "a more perfect Union."

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Government and Civics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Exodusters: African American Migration to the Great Plains
Unrestricted Use
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When Reconstruction ended in 1877, southern whites used violence, economic exploitation, discriminatory laws called Black Codes, and political disenfranchisement to subjugate African Americans and undo their gains during Reconstruction. Kansas and other destinations on the Great Plains represented a chance to start a new life. Kansas had fought to be a free state and, with the Homestead Act of 1862, the region offered lots of land at low cost. As a result, between the late 1870s and early 1880s, more than 20,000 African Americans left the South for Kansas, the Oklahoma Territory, and elsewhere on the Great Plains in a migration known as the “Great Exodus.”

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
Digital Public Library of America
Author:
Samantha Gibson
Date Added:
09/26/2019
The Freedmen's Bureau
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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This collection uses primary sources to explore the history, successes, and failures of the Freedmen's Bureau during Reconstruction. Digital Public Library of America Primary Source Sets are designed to help students develop their critical thinking skills and draw diverse material from libraries, archives, and museums across the United States. Each set includes an overview, ten to fifteen primary sources, links to related resources, and a teaching guide. These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the DPLA's Education Advisory Committee.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
Digital Public Library of America
Author:
Hillary Brady
Date Added:
10/20/2015
History: U.S. History Overview - Reconstruction to the Great Depression (2 of 3)
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This 14-minute video lesson gives a basic overview of U.S. history from reconstruction to the Great Depression. [History playlist: Lesson 3 of 26]

Subject:
American History
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Salman Khan
Date Added:
02/20/2011
Legacy of Lynching in America
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC
Rating

The students will analyze the rise of violent activities against African Americans after the Civil War which lead to the addition of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. Begin with a KWL Jamboard (also attached, in a PDF format) which also includes an activity in analyzing primary resources about lynching.  Students will then develop their own 5-day trip itinerary using the Negro Green Book (see the list of free PDF versions for various years) as a travel reference guide. The objective of the lesson is to have the students understand the perils faced by US citizens of color during the Jim Crow Era and how prevalent the dangers were in some areas of the United States at that time. The teacher may wish to use a formative assessment in the form of an exit ticket (see attached). 

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Government and Civics
Virginia History
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
#GoOpenVA Administrator
Lillian Allen-Brown
Date Added:
05/05/2021
Lesson 1: Factory vs. Plantation in the North and South
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This lesson focuses on the shift toward mass production in northern factories and on southern plantations that occurred during the first half of the 19th century. Using an economics-focused approach to examining U.S. history prior to the civil war, students examine the role of slavery, industrialization, regionalism, and political responses that ultimately led to the start of a war.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Lesson 1: The Battle Over Reconstruction: The Aftermath of War
Unrestricted Use
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This lesson covers two essential aspects of Reconstruction: the condition of the southern states at the close of the war and Lincoln's plan for restoring them to the Union. In examining the conditions of the southern states, students consider both the physical conditions (i.e., the impact of the devastation of war) and the political condition of these states (i.e., what was the proper relationship between southern states and the Union upon their surrender at Appomattox?)

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Lesson 3: The Battle Over Reconstruction: The Aftermath of Reconstruction
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In this lesson, students examine the development of new constitutions in the reconstructed South. They also consider the political and social realities created by a dramatically changed electorate. In gaining a firmer grasp of the causes for the shifting alliances of this time, students see how far-reaching the consequences of the Civil War and Reconstruction era were and how much these events continue to shape our collective destiny today.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Post Civil War: Impacts of Prejudice and Discrimination
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC
Rating

Students will complete an IDM (Inquiry Design Model) Lesson to guide them through the social and political discrimination, segregation, and violence against African Americans during the “Jim Crow Era.” They will evaluate the effectiveness of the Reconstruction Amendments based on three supporting questions that help guide them to constructing and providing evidence for a final argument that addresses the compelling question.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Government and Civics
Virginia History
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
#GoOpenVA Administrator
Holly Wikewitz Means
Date Added:
05/07/2021
Reconstruction
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
Rating

The purpose of this lesson is for students to evaluate differing objectives of key leaders of the CIvil War which led to different plans for Reconstruction of the South.  The lesson will include links to Digital History online where students can read about the different plans and investigate a timeline of events during Reconstruction.  Students will interpret secondary and primary sources in this lesson.

Subject:
American History
Material Type:
Lesson
Author:
Rhonda Musick
Date Added:
04/16/2021
The Reconstruction Era
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
Rating

This Teacher's Guide provides compelling questions to frame a unit of study and inquiry projects on the Reconstruction Era, includes NEH sponsored multimedia resources, activity ideas that include use of newspapers from the time and interdisciplinary approaches to bring social studies, ELA, and music education together, and resources for a DBQ and seminar.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provider Set:
EDSITEments
Date Added:
10/22/2019
Second Ku Klux Klan and The Birth of a Nation
Unrestricted Use
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Rating

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is a historically violent American organization that has operated in three periods to promote white supremacy and white nationalism and resist immigration. Founded after the Civil War as a secret society by Confederate generals, the First Klan’s primary focus was subverting Republican Reconstruction policies and preventing emancipated African Americans from receiving the benefits of citizenship. Despite its success disrupting black political participation through threats and actual violence, federal government efforts to suppress the Klan in 1870-1871 forced in a major decline in its activities.

Subject:
History/Social Sciences
American History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
Digital Public Library of America
Author:
Lakisha Odlum
Date Added:
09/26/2019